The twenty-third night of Ramadan, the last of the Qadr Nights, is more meritorious than the two previous ones; namely, the nineteenth and the twenty-first. Many narrations confirm that it is the Qadr Night at which all wise affairs are decided. Apart from the general acts that are advisably practiced at the three Qadr Nights, there are other acts to be practiced at the twenty-third night of Ramadan:
First: It is recommended to recite Surahs al-’Ankabut (No. 29) and al-Rum (No. 30). Imam al-Sadiq(a.s.) is reported to have said, “Whoever recites these two Surahs at this night, will be included with the people of Paradise.”
Second: It is recommended to recite Surah al-Dukhan (No. 44).
Third: It is recommended to repeat Surah al-Qadr one thousand times.
It is highly advisable to repeat the following famous supplicatory prayer as many times as possible at this night:
اللّهُمّ كُنْ لِوَلِيّكَ الحُجّةِ ابْنِ الحَسَنِ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى آبَائِهِ فِي هذِهِ السَّاعَةِ وَفي كُلّ سَاعَةٍ وَلِيّاً وَحَافِظاً وَقَائِداً وَنَاصِراً وَدَلِيلاً وَعَيْناً حَتَّى تُسْكِنَهُ أَرْضَكَ طَوْعاً وَتُمَتّعَهُ فِيهَا طَوِيلاً.
It is recommended to say the following supplicatory prayer in this night
اللّٰهُمَّ امْدُدْ لِي فِي عُمُرِي وَ اَوْسِعْ لِي فِي رِزْقِي وَ اَصِحَّ لِي جِسْمِي وَ بَلِّغْنِي اَمَلِي وَ اِنْ كُنْتُ مِنَ الْاَشْقِيَاءِ فَامْحُنِي مِنَ الْاَشْقِيَاءِ وَ اكْتُبْنِي مِنَ السُّعَدَاءِ فَاِنَّكَ قُلْتَ فِي كِتَابِكَ الْمُنْزَلِ عَلَى نَبِيِّكَ الْمُرْسَلِ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ يَمْحُو اللّٰهُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَ يُثْبِتُ وَ عِنْدَهُ اُمُّ الْكِتَابِ
O Allah, (please do) prolong my lifetime, expand my sustenance, make my body healthy, make me attain my hopes, and if I am written with the unhappy ones, (please) erase my name from this list write it with the happy ones, for You have said in Your Book that You revealed to Your missioned Prophet, Your peace be upon him and his Household: “Allah makes to pass away and establishes what He pleases, and with Him is the basis of the Book.”
It is recommended to say the following supplicatory prayer
اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَ فِيمَا تُقَدِّرُ مِنَ الْاَمْرِ الْمَحْتُومِ وَ فِيمَا تَفْرُقُ مِنَ الْاَمْرِ الْحَكِيمِ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ الَّذِي لا يُرَدُّ وَ لا يُبَدَّلُ اَنْ تَكْتُبَنِي مِنْ حُجَّاجِ بَيْتِكَ الْحَرَامِ فِي عَامِي هٰذَا الْمَبْرُورِ حَجُّهُمْ الْمَشْكُورِ سَعْيُهُمْ الْمَغْفُورِ ذُنُوبُهُمْ الْمُكَفَّرِ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتُهُمْ وَ اجْعَلْ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَ تُقَدِّرُ اَنْ تُطِيلَ عُمْرِي وَ تُوَسِّعَ لِي فِي رِزْقِي
O Allah, among the matters that You decide and make from among the inevitable affairs and from among the wise matters that You make distinct at the Destiny Night from among the act that is neither rejected nor altered, (please) decide me to be with the pilgrims to Your Holy House at this year; those whose pilgrimage is admitted, whose efforts are praised, whose sins are forgiven, and whose offenses and pardoned. Among the matters that You decide and make, (please) prolong my lifetime and expand my sustenance.
It is recommended to say the following supplicatory prayer that is mentioned in the book of Iqbal al-A’mal:
يَا بَاطِنا فِي ظُهُورِهِ وَ يَا ظَاهِرا فِي بُطُونِهِ وَ يَا بَاطِنا لَيْسَ يَخْفَى وَ يَا ظَاهِرا لَيْسَ يُرَى يَا مَوْصُوفا لا يَبْلُغُ بِكَيْنُونَتِهِ مَوْصُوفٌ وَ لا حَدٌّ مَحْدُودٌ وَ يَا غَائِبا غَيْرَ مَفْقُودٍ وَ يَا شَاهِدا غَيْرَ مَشْهُودٍ يُطْلَبُ فَيُصَابُ وَ لا يَخْلُو مِنْهُ السَّمَاوَاتُ وَ الْاَرْضُ وَ مَا بَيْنَهُمَا طُرْفَةَ عَيْنٍ لا يُدْرَكُ بِكَيْفٍ وَ لا يُؤَيَّنُ بِاَيْنٍ وَ لا بِحَيْثٍ اَنْتَ نُورُ النُّورِ وَ رَبُّ الْاَرْبَابِ اَحَطْتَ بِجَمِيعِ الْاُمُورِ سُبْحَانَ مَنْ لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْءٌ وَ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ سُبْحَانَ مَنْ هُوَ هَكَذَا وَ لا هَكَذَا غَيْرُهُ
O He Who is intrinsic though He is evident! O He Who is evident though He is intrinsic! O He Who is intrinsic that is not missed! O He Who is evident but He cannot be seen! O He Who is described, but neither any other described thing nor can any boundary attain His Being! O He Who is absent but not lost! O He Who is present but not witnessed! When He is sought, He shall be obtained, and neither the heavens, nor the earth, nor can anything that is between them be empty of Him. He cannot be realized by asking ‘How is He?’ His place cannot be identified by asking, ‘Where is He?’ or ‘What is His place?’ You are verily the light of all lights and the Lord of all lords. You have comprehended all things. Glory be to Him Whose like is nonexistent, and He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing. Glory be to Him Who is in this state and nothing else can be ever in his state.
It is recommended to do a new bathing, other than the first one, at the last hours of night. In fact, to bathe oneself, to spend the whole night with acts of worship, to visit the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (a.s.), and to offer the one hundred unit prayer at this night - all these deeds have been confirmed by narrations to be done at the twenty-third night of Ramadan.
Read this prayer which is specific to the 23rd night:
يَا رَبَّ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَ جَاعِلَهَا خَيْرا مِنْ اَلْفِ شَهْرٍ وَ رَبَّ اللَّيْلِ وَ النَّهَارِ وَ الْجِبَالِ وَ الْبِحَارِ وَ الظُّلَمِ وَ الْاَنْوَارِ وَ الْاَرْضِ وَ السَّمَاءِ يَا بَارِئُ يَا مُصَوِّرُ يَا حَنَّانُ يَا مَنَّانُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا قَيُّومُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا بَدِيعُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا اللّٰهُ لَكَ الْاَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْاَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَ الْآلاءُ اَسْاَلُكَ اَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ اِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ اِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً وَ اَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِينا تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ اِيمَانا يُذْهِبُ الشَّكَّ عَنِّي وَ تُرْضِيَنِي بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ اِلَيْكَ وَ الْاِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّدا وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلامُ .
O the Lord of the Grand Night And He Who decided it to be better than one thousand months; And the Lord of night and day And the Lord of mountains and oceans, And the Lord of darkness and light, And the earth and the heavens. O the Maker, O the Fashioner, O the All-tender, O the All-favorer O Allah, O the All-beneficent, O Allah, O the Self-Subsisting, O Allah, O the wonderful Originator, O Allah; O Allah; O Allah; To You are the Most Excellent Names, And the most elevated examples, And greatness and bounties. I beseech You to bless Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad, And to include my name with the list of the happiest ones, And to add my soul to the martyrs, And record my good deeds in the most exalted rank And to decide my offense to be forgiven, And to grant me certitude that fills in my heart And faith that removes dubiosity from me And to make me feel satisfied with that which You decide for me And (please) grant us reward in this world And reward in the Hereafter, And save us from the torment of the burning Fire, And (also) confer upon us at this night Your mentioning, thanking You, and desiring for You, And turning to You, and success to that to which You led Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad, peace be upon him and them.
Dictating to his students, Shaykh al-Saduq said in one of his sessions, “It is preferable to spend these two nights with studying the religious knowledge.”Starting with this night, it is recommended to say the supplicatory prayers that are dedicated to the last ten nights of Ramadan. It has been also narrated that Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq(a.s.), at the twenty-third night of Ramadan, ordered his servants to carry him to the mosque because he was ailed. He spent that night in the mosque up to the next morning. ‘Allamah al-Majlisi has confirmed that one should recite as much amount as possible from the Holy Qur’an at this night and should also pray Almighty Allah by saying the supplicatory prayers of al-Sahifah al-Kamilah al-Sajjadiyyah in general and the supplicatory prayers known as Makarim al-Akhlaq and al-Tawbah in particular. The sanctity of the Qadr Days should be considered by engaging oneself with acts of worship, recitation of the Holy Qur’an, and praying Almighty Allah. Through a considerable chain of authority, it has been narrated that the Qadr Days are as holy as the Qadr Nights.