Ashburn , US
02-07-2022 |03 Dhū al-Ḥijjah 1443 AH

1st Night of Shawwal (Night of Eid al Fitar) (Shawwāl)

Description:

The first night of Shawwal is one of the blessed nights. Many narrations have referred to the great merits and rewards of those who spend this night, as a whole, with acts of worship. Moreover, some narrations have mentioned that this night is not less blessed than the Qadr Night. The devotional acts at this night are as follows:

First:    It is recommended to bathe oneself at sunset.

 

Second:    It is recommended to spend the whole night with offering prayers, supplicating, imploring for forgiveness, and staying at mosques.

 

Third:    It is recommended to say the following doxology after the obligatory Maghrib Prayer, Isha’ Prayer, Fajr Prayer, and the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer:

اَللّٰہُ اَکْبَرُ اَللہُ اَکْبَرُ لَآ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللهُ وَاللهُ اَکْبَرُ اللهُ اَکْبَرُ وَ لِلّٰہِ الْحَمْدُ الْحَمْدُ لِلّٰہِ عَلٰی مَا ھَدَان وَلَہُ الشُّکْرُ عَلٰی مَآ اَوْلٰنَا

Translation:

Allah is Great . Allah is Great . There is no god save Allah. And Allah is Great. Allah is Great. (All) praise be to Allah. (We) sing the praises of Allah because He has shown us the Right Path. (We) gratefully thank Him because He takes care of us and looks after our interests.

Reference: Mafatih al Jinnan

Description:

In The First Night of Shawwal After accomplishing the Maghrib obligatory and supererogatory prayers, it is recommended to raise the hands towards the sky and say the following:

يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ وَ الطَّوْلِ يَا ذَا الْجُودِ يَا مُصْطَفِيَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ نَاصِرَهُ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اغْفِرْ لِي كُلَّ ذَنْبٍ اَحْصَيْتَهُ وَ هُوَ عِنْدَكَ فِي كِتَابٍ مُبِينٍ.

Translation:

O Lord of favor and bounty! O Lord of magnanimity! O He Who has chosen Muhammad and granted him victory! (Please) send blessings to Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad and forgive me all the sins that You have known (from me) and they are written with you in a manifest record.

Explanation / Details::

Then, it is recommended to prostrate oneself and repeat the following statement one hundred times:

 

اَتُوْبُ اِلٰی اللہِ

I turn repentant unto Allah

 

Then, one may pray Almighty Allah for all needs required, for they shall be granted, by Almighty Allah’s permission.

Reference: Mafateh al Jinnan

Description:

According to the narration mentioned by Shaykh al-Tusi, it is recommended to prostrate after the Maghrib and Isha’ Prayers and then say the following supplicatory prayer:

یَا ذَا الْحَوْلِ یَا ذَا الطَّوْلِ یَا مُصْطَفِیاً مُحَمَّداً وَناصِرَہُ صَلِّ عَلَی مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ  وَاغْفِرْ لِی کُلَّ ذَنْبٍ ٲَذْنَبْتُہُ وَنَسِیتُہُ ٲَنَا وَھُوَ عِنْدَکَ فِی کِتابٍ مُبِینٍ

Translation:

O the Lord of power; O the Lord of bounty; O He Who has chosen Muhammad and granted him victory; (please do) bless Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad and forgive me every sin that I have committed and forgotten, but it is recorded with You in a Manifest Record.

Explanation / Details::

Then, one may repeat the following one hundred times:

اَتُوْبُ اِلَی اللّهِ

I turn repentant unto Allah

Reference: Mafaih al Jinnan

It is recommended to Recite the Ziarat e Imam al-Husayn (a.s.), visit the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (a.s.), for this act brings about a great reward.

Reference: Mafatih al Jinnan

Description:

It is recommended to repeat the following supplicatory prayer ten times. It has been already cited within the devotional acts at Friday nights:

یَادائِمَ الْفَضْلِ عَلَی الْبَرِیَّۃِ، یَابَاسِطَ الْیَدَیْنِ بِالْعَطِیَّۃ، یَاصَاحِبَ الْمَوَاھِبِ السَّنِیَّۃِ صَلِّ عَلَی مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِہِ خَیْرِ الْوَرَیٰ سَجِیَّۃً، وَاغْفِرْ لَنا یَا ذَا الْعُلیٰ فِی ھَذِہِ الْعَشِیَّۃِ ۔

Translation:

O He Who is ever-Favorer on the beings! O He Who is openhandedly Bestower of gifts! O He Who is the Giver of sublime donations! Bless Muhammad and his Household, the best of all creatures in traits, and forgive us, O Lord of Highness, at this evening.

Reference: Mafatih al jinnan

It is recommended to offer a two unit prayer reciting, in the first unit, Surah al-Faatehah once and repeating Surah al-Tawheed one thousand times and reciting, in the second unit, Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Tawheed once only. After accomplishment, it is recommended to prostrate and say the following:

اَتُوْبُ اِلَی اللّٰهِ

I turn repentant unto Allah

 

After that, the following supplicatory prayer should be said:

يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ وَ الْجُودِ يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ وَ الطَّوْلِ يَا مُصْطَفِيَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ وَ افْعَلْ بِي كَذَا وَ كَذَا.

Translation:

O Owner of bounties and benefits, O He who made a choice of Muhammad to place His trust in him, blessings of Allah be on him and on his children, send blessing on Muhammad and on his children

Explanation / Details::

Then, one may pray for the granting of one’s personal needs.

 

It is reported that when Imam AliAmeer al-Momineen(a.s.) used to offer this prayer, he would say, “I swear by Him Who grasps my soul, Almighty Allah shall definitely respond to whoever offers this prayer and then prays Him for granting his needs, and Almighty Allah shall forgive him even if his sins would be as much as the pebbles in deserts.”

 

According to another narration, Surah al-Tawheed is repeated one hundred times, not one thousand. Yet, this narration has mentioned that this prayer is offered after the Maghrib obligatory and supererogatory prayers.

Reference: Mafatih al Jinnan

Description:

Having mentioned this prayer, Shaykh al-Tusi and Sayyid Ibn Tawus recorded that the following supplicatory prayer should be said after the prayer:

یَا اللّهُ یَا اللّهُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَحْمنُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَحِیمُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مَلِکُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا قُدُّوسُ یَا اللّهُ یَا سَلامُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُؤْمِنُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُھَیْمِنُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا عَزِیزُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا جَبّارُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُتَکَبِّرُ، یَا اللّهُ، یَا خالِق،ُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا بارِیَ،ُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُصَوِّرُ، یَا اللّهُ یَا عالِمُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا عَظِیمُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا عَلِیمُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا کَرِیمُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا حَلِیمُ یَا اللّهُ یَا حَکِیمُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا سَمِیعُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا بَصِیرُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا قَرِیبُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُجِیبُ یَا اللّهُ یَا جَوادُ یَا اللّهُ یَا ماجِدُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مَلِیُّ یَا اللّهُ، یَا وَفِیُّ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مَوْلَی یَا اللّهُ یَا قاضِی یَا اللّهُ، یَا سَرِیعُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا شَدِیدُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَؤُوفُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَقِیبُ یَا اللّهُ یَا مَجِیدُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا حَفِیظُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُحِیطُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا سَیِّدَ السّاداتِ یَا اللّهُ، یَا ٲَوَّلُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا آخِرُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا ظاھِرُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا باطِنُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا فاخِرُ یَا اللّهُ یَا قاھِرُ یَا اللّهُ یَا رَبّاہُ یَا اللّهُ یَا رَبّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا وَدُودُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا نُورُ یَا اللّهُ یَا رافِعُ یَا اللّهُ یَا مانِعُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا دافِعُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا فاتِحُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا نَفَّاحُ یَا اللّهُ یَا جَلِیلُ یَا اللّهُ یَا جَمِیلُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا شَھِیدُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا شاھِدُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُغِیثُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا حَبِیبُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا فاطِرُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُطَہِّرُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مَلِکُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُقْتَدِرُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا قابِضُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا باسِطُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُحْیِی یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُمِیتُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا باعِثُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا وارِثُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُعْطِی یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُفْضِلُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُنْعِمُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا حَقُّ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُبِینُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا طَیِّبُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُحْسِنُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُجْمِلُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُبْدِیَُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُعِیدُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا بارِیَُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا بَدِیعُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا ہادِی یَا اللّهُ، یَا کافِی یَا اللّهُ، یَا شافِی یَا اللّهُ، یَا عَلِیُّ یَا اللّهُ، یَا عَظِیمُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا حَنّانُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مَنَّانُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا ذَا الطَّوْلِ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُتَعالِی یَا اللّهُ، یَا عَدْلُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا ذَا الْمَعارِجِ یَا اللّهُ، یَا صادِقُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا صَدُوقُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا دَیَّانُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا باقِی یَا اللّهُ یَا واقِی یَا اللّهُ، یَا ذَا الْجَلالِ یَا اللّهُ، یَا ذَا الْاِکْرامِ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مَحْمُودُ یَا اللّهُ یَا مَعْبُودُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا صانِعُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُعِینُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا مُکَوِّنُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا فَعّالُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا لَطِیفُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا غَفُورُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا شَکُورُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا نُورُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا قَدِیرُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبَّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبَّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبَّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبَّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبَّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبَّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبَّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبَّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبَّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبّاہُ یَا اللّهُ، ٲَسْٲَ لُکَ ٲَنْ تُصَلِّیَ عَلَی مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَتَمُنَّ عَلَیَّ بِرِضاکَ، وَتَعْفُوَ عَنِّی بِحِلْمِکَ، وَتُوَسِّعَ عَلَیَّ مِنْ رِزْقِکَ الْحَلالِ الطَّیِّبِ وَمِنْ حَیْثُ ٲَحْتَسِبُ وَمِنْ حَیْثُ لاَ ٲَحْتَسِبُ، فَ إنِّی عَبْدُکَ لَیْسَ لِی ٲَحَدٌ سِواکَ، وَلاَ ٲَحَدٌ ٲَسْٲَلُہُ غَیْرُکَ، یَا ٲَرْحَمَ الرّاحِمِینَ، مَا شائَ اللّهُ لاَ قُوَّۃَ إلاَّ بِاللّهِ الْعَلِیِّ الْعَظِیمِ

One may then prostrate oneself and say the following

یَا اللّهُ یَا اللّهُ یَا اللّهُ، یَا رَبُّ یَا رَبُّ یَا رَبُّ، یَا مُنْزِلَ الْبَرَکاتِ بِکَ تُنْزَلُ کُلُّ حاجَۃٍ، ٲَسْٲَ لُکَ بِکُلِّ اسْمٍ فِی مَخْزُونِ الْغَیْبِ عِنْدَکَ وَالْاَسْمائِ الْمَشْھُورَۃِ عِنْدَکَ الْمَکْتُوبَۃِ عَلَی سُرادِقِ عَرْشِکَ ٲَنْ تُصَلِّیَ عَلَی مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَٲَنْ تَقْبَلَ مِنِّی شَھْرَ رَمَضانَ، وَتَکْتُبَنِی مِنَ الْوافِدِینَ إلی بَیْتِکَ الْحَرامِ، وَتَصْفَحَ لِی عَنِ الذُّنُوبِ الْعِظامِ، وَتَسْتَخْرِجَ لِی یَا رَبِّ کُنُوزَکَ یَا رَحْمنُ ۔

Translation:

O ALLAH O ALLAH O ALLAH O BENEFICENT O ALLAH O MERCIFUL O ALLAH O SOVEREIGN O ALLAH O MOST HOLY O ALLAH O PEACE O ALLAH O TRUSTWORTHY O ALLAH O GUARDIAN O ALLAH O BELOVED O ALLAH O STRONG O ALLAH O PROUD O ALLAH O CREATOR O ALLAH O INVENTOR O ALLAH O SHAPER O ALLAH O LEARNED O ALLAH O GREAT O ALLAH O ALL-KNOWING, O ALLAH O KIND O ALLAH O INDULGENT O ALLAH O WISE O ALLAH O HEARER O ALLAH O SEER O ALLAH O NEAR O ALLAH O CORRESPONDENT O ALLAH O LIBERAL O ALLAH O GLORIOUS O ALLAH O RICH AND POWERFUL O ALLAH O SINCERE O ALLAH O LORD –MASTER O ALLAH O JUDGE O ALLAH O SWIFT O ALLAH O FIRM O ALLAH O PARDONER O ALLAH O PRESERVER O ALLAH O MIGHTY O ALLAH O PROTECTOR O ALLAH O ENCOMPASSER O ALLAH O CHIEF OF THE CHIEFS O ALLAH O EVER FOREMOST O ALLAH O ETERNAL LAST O ALLAH O EVIDENT O ALLAH O INTRINSIC FUNDAMENTAL O ALLAH O GLORIOUS O ALLAH O VICTOR O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LORD –NORISHER O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LOVING O ALLAH O LIGHT O ALLAH O DELIVERER O ALLAH O PREVENTER O ALLAH O DEFENDER O ALLAH O INTRODUCER O ALLAH O BOUNTIFUL O ALLAH O MANIFICENT, O ALLAH O HANDSOME O ALLAH O WITNESS O ALLAH O PRESENT O ALLAH O SUCCOURER O ALLAH O BELOVED O ALLAH O CREATOR (OUT OF NOTHING) O ALLAH O PURIFIER O ALLAH O OWNER O ALLAH O AUTHORITY O ALLAH O POSSESSOR O ALLAH O SPREADER O ALLAH O VIVIFIER O ALLAH O EXTERMINATOR O ALLAH O CAUSER O ALLAH O INHERITOR O ALLAH O BESTOWER O ALLAH O FAVOURER O ALLAH O BENEFACTOR O ALLAH O TRUTH O ALLAH O DISTINCT O ALLAH O AFFABLE O ALLAH O POLITE O ALLAH O GRACEFUL O ALLAH O ORIGINATOR O ALLAH O WHO BRINGS BACK ALL THINGS, O ALLAH O WHO MAKES VISIBLE O ALLAH O INVENTOR O ALLAH O GUIDE O ALLAH O ABLE O ALLAH O EFFICACIOUS O ALLAH O HIGH O ALLAH O GREAT O ALLAH O TENDER O ALLAH O KIND O ALLAH O OWNER OF BOUNTIES O ALLAH O MOST HIGH O ALLAH O JUST O ALLAH O OWNER OF ASCENDANCY O ALLAH O TRUTHFUL O ALLAH O SINCERE O ALLAH O REQUITER O ALLAH O WHO REMAINS FOR EVER O ALLAH O VIGILANT O ALLAH O OWNER OF MAJESTY O ALLAH O OWNER OF GLORYO ALLAH O ADMIRABLE O ALLAH O ADORABLE O ALLAH O MAKER O ALLAH O HELPER O ALLAH O WHO WILL (SAY :”BE”) AND IT IS O ALLAH O ACTIVE O ALLAH O SUBTLE O ALLAH O OFT-FORGIVING O ALLAH O VERY THANKFUL O ALLAH O SPLENDID O ALLAH O OMNIPOTENT O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O ALLAHI BESEECH THEE TO SEND BLESSINGS ON MUHAMMAD AND ON THE CHILDREN OF MUHAMMAD, AND SHOW FAVOUR TO ME BY GIVING THY BLESSINGS, GRANT AMNESTY TO ME THROUGH THY MUNIFICENCE, ADD MORE TO MY LAWFUL SUSTENANCE, THROUGH THE MEANS I TAKE INTO ACCOUNT AND THROUGH THE MEANS I DO NOT COUNT ON, BECAUSE I AM THY SERVANT, I HAVE NO ONE ELSE OTHER THAN THEE, THERE IS NO ONE, TO WHOM I TURN TO , OTHER THAN THEE, O MOST MERCIFUL OF THE MERCIFUL THAT WHICH ALLAH WILLS TAKES PLACE, THERE IS NO POWER EXCEPT ALLAH’S THE HIGH, THE GREAT !

 

O ALLAH O ALLAH O ALLAH O LORD-NOURISHER O LORD-NOURISHER O LORD-NOURISHERO HE WHO SENDS DOWN BLESSINGS, IT IS THOU WHO SATISFIES ALL NEEDS, I BESEECH THEE IN THE NAME OF THY EVERY NAME, TREASURED IN THY INVISIBLE COLLECTION, AND IN THE NAME OF THY CELEBRATED NAMES, INSCRIBED ON THE HANGINGS OF THY ARSH, TO SEND BLESSINGS ON MUHAMMAD AND ON THE CHILDREN OF MUHAMMAD, AND ACCEPT MY OFFERINGS MADE IN THE MONTH OF RAMAZAN, WRITE MY NAME IN THE LIST OF THOSE WHO WILL JOURNEY UNTO THY “SACRED HOUSE”, OVERLOOK MY HIGHLY UNRULY CONDUCT, O LORD, LET THY TREASURES SPILL OVER FOR ME, O BENEFICENT.

Reference: Mafatih al Jinnan

It is recommended to offer a prayer of fourteen units and to recite Surah al-Faatehah once, Ayah al-Kursi once, and Surah al-Tawheed three times at each unit. The reward of offering each unit of this prayer is as same as the reward of forty-year worship as well as the reward of each and every one who has observed fasting and offered prayers in this month.

Reference: Mafatih al Jinnan

In Misbah al-Mutahajjid, Shaykh al-Tusi says: At the last hour of this night, you may bathe yourself and sit in your prayer-place until dawn.

Reference: Mafatih al Jinnan