Ashburn , US
04-10-2022 |09 Rabīʿ al-awwal 1444 AH

The day of 1st Shawwal (Eid al Fitar) & its Aamal (All)

Description:

It is recommended to say the supplicatory prayer that has been mentioned within the acts of the ‘Id al-Fitr Night to be said after the obligatory prayers and that begins with (AllahuakbarAllahu akbar) after the Fajr Prayer and after the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer.

اَکْبَرُ اَللہُ اَکْبَرُ لَآ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللهُ وَاللهُ اَکْبَرُ اللهُ اَکْبَرُ وَ لِلٰہِ الْحَمْدُ الْحَمْدُ لِلٰہِ عَلٰی مَا ھَدَانا وَلَہُ الشُّکْرُ عَلٰی مَآ اَوْلٰنَا

Translation:

Allah is Great . Allah is Great . There is no god save Allah. And Allah is Great. Allah is Great. (All) praise be to Allah. (We) sing the praises of Allah because He has shown us the Right Path. (We) gratefully thank Him because He takes care of us and looks after our interests.

Reference: Mafatih al Jinnan

Description:

This supplicatory prayer has been mentioned by Sayyid Ibn Tawus. However, Shaykh al-Tusi has mentioned that this prayer is said after the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer (Salat al-’Id).

اَللَّھُمَّ اِنِّی تَوَجَّھْتُ اِلَیْکَ بِمُحَمَّدٍ اَمَامِی

Reference: Mafateeh al jinan

Description:

It is obligatory to defray Zakat al-Fitrah as a single sa’ (a measure) for each person before the time of the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer with details shown in books of Muslim jurisprudence. It is worth mentioning that Zakat al-Fitrah is one of the confirmed obligations, since the acceptance of one’s fasting is dependent upon the defrayment of this alms. It is also security against death up to the next year. In the following verses of the Holy Qur’an, Almighty Allah has mentioned Zakat before the prayers:

قَدْ اَفْلَحَ مَنْ تَزَکّٰی وَذَکَر اسْمَ رَبِّہِ فَصَلّٰی

Translation:

“He indeed shall be successful who pays Zakat, magnifies the name of his Lord, and prays. 87/14-15”

Reference: mafatih al jinnan

Description:

It is recommended to bathe oneself on this day. It is more preferable to bathe oneself in a river, if possible. In the word of Shaykh al-Tusi, the time of bathing is the period between dawn and the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer. According to a Hadith, when you want to bathe yourself (in a river), try to be under shadow or under a wall. When you intend to begin the bathing, you may say the following:

اَللّٰھُمَّ اِیْمَاناً بِکَ وَتَصْدِیْقاً بِکِتَابِکَ وَ اِتِّبَاعَ سُنَّۃِ نَبِیِّکَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلیٰ اﷲ عَلَیْہِ وَآلِہ

 

You may then mention the Name of Almighty Allah (Bismillah) and bath yourself. After accomplishment, you may say the following:

 

اَللَّھُمَّ اجْعَلْہُ کَفَّارَۃً لِذُنُوْبِیْ وَطَھِّرِ دِیْنِی اَللَّھُمَّ اِذْھَبْ عَنِّی الدَّنَ

Translation:

O Allah, believing in Thee, fully aware of Thy Book, following the way of life of Thy Prophet Muhammad, Allah's blessings be on him and on his children,

 

You may then mention the Name of Almighty Allah (Bismillah) and bath yourself. After accomplishment, you may say the following:

 

O Allah let me make amends and compensate for my wrong doings, (so that) my religion becomes pure and O Allah remove the dirt from me.

Reference: Mafatih al Jinnan

It is recommended to put on the best clothes, apply perfumes, and offer the prayer in an open place, other than Holy Makkah.

Reference: Mafateeh al Jinnan

It is preferable to break the fast with some dates or a piece of candy. Shaykh al-Mufid has mentioned that it is advisable to swallow a piece of the soil of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb, for it is remedy for all illnesses.

Reference: Mafatih al Jinnan

Description:

It is recommended not to leave one’s house for joining the congregational ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer before sunrise. It is also recommended to say the supplicatory prayers that have been mentioned by Sayyid Ibn Tawus in Iqbal al-A’mal. Among these supplicatory prayers is the one that Abu-Hamzah al-Thumali has reported Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.) as saying: Whey you ready yourself for joining the congregational Friday Prayers and the ‘Id Prayers, you may say the following supplicatory prayer:

اَللّٰھُمَّ مَنْ تَھَیَّٲَ فِی ھذَا الْیَوْمِ ٲَوْ تَعَبَّٲَ ٲَوْ ٲَعَدَّ وَاسْتَعَدَّ لِوِفادَۃٍ إلی مَخْلُوقٍ رَجائَ رِفْدِہِ وَنَوافِلِہِ وَفَواضِلِہِ وَعَطایَاہُ فَ إنَّ إلَیْکَ یَا سَیِّدِی تَھْیِئَتِی وَتَعْبِیئَتِی وَ إعْدادِی وَاسْتِعْدادِی رَجائَ رِفْدِکَ وَجَوایِزِکَ وَنَوافِلِکَ وَفَواضِلِکَ وَفَضائِلِکَ وَعَطایاکَ وَقَدْ غَدَوْتُ إلی عِیدٍ مِنْ ٲَعْیادِ ٲُمَّۃِ نَبِیِّکَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَواتُ اللّٰهِ عَلَیْہِ وَعَلَی آلِہِ وَلَمْ ٲَفِدْ إلَیْکَ الْیَوْمَ بِعَمَلٍ صالِحٍ ٲَثِقُ بِہِ قَدَّمْتُہُ وَلاَ تَوَجَّھْتُ بِمَخْلُوقٍ ٲَمَّلْتُہُ وَلکِنْ ٲَتَیْتُکَ خاضِعاً مُقِرّاً بِذُ نُوبِی وَ إسائَتِی إلی نَفْسِی، فَیا عَظِیمُ یَا عَظِیمُ یَا عَظِیمُ اغْفِرْ لِیَ الْعَظِیمَ مِنْ ذُ نُوبِی، فَ إنَّہُ لاَ یَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ الْعِظامَ إلاَّ ٲَنْتَ یَا لاَ إلہَ إلاَّ ٲَ نْتَ یَا ٲَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِینَ

Translation:

O Allah, if one, on this day, prepares oneself, takes pains, gets ready, or prepares oneself to visit another one, hoping for his aid, gifts, benefits, and grants; for You alone, my Lord, is my readiness, preparations, taking pains, training, and inclination in the hope of gaining Your aid, gifts, grants, benefits, bounties, and donations. I find myself celebrating one of the feasts commemorated by the nation of Your Prophet, Muhammad, blessings of Allah be upon him and his Household. I have not come to You, today, carrying a righteous deeds that I may trust to present before You nor have I introduced a creature as my interceder before You; rather, I submissively draw near You confessing of my wrongdoings and my offenses to myself. So, O All-great, O All-great, O All-great, (please) forgive my grave wrongdoings, for, verily, no one can forgive serious transgressions save You. O He save Whom there is no god! O most Merciful of all the merciful!