Description: The Prophet (S) said, ‘The fasting person is in constant worship of Allah, even when he is sleeping in his bed, as long as he does not backbite a fellow Muslim.’
رسولُ اللّٰهِ (صَلَّيَ اللّٰهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الصائمُ في عِبادَةِ اللّهِ وإن كانَ نائماً علي فِراشِهِ، ما لَم يَغتَبْ مُسلِماً.
Reference:[Thawab al-A’amal, p. 75, no. 1]
Description: The Prophet (S) said, ‘No sooner does a fasting person come upon a group of people eating than his limbs glorify Allah on his behalf, the angels invoke blessings on him, and this invocation of theirs is counted as seeking forgiveness on his behalf.’
Description: Imam al-’Aaskari (a.s.) was once asked the reasoning behind the obligation of fasting, to which he replied, ‘That the rich may experience the pain of hunger and bestow his generosity thereby upon the poor.’
الإمامُ العسكريُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لمّا سُئلَ عن عِلَّةِ وُجوبِ الصَّومِ ـ: لِيَجِدَ الغَنِيُّ مَسَّ الجُوعِ؛ فَيَمُنَّ علي الفَقيرِ
Reference:[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 96, p. 369, no. 50]
Description: The Prophet (S) said, ‘He who fasts a single day of his own accord is rewarded to such an extent that even if he was to be given the whole world’s worth of gold for it, the reward he deserves would not be fulfilled until the Day of Resurrection.
Description: Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘Verily when a man fasts a single day of his own accord, desiring thereby what is with Allah, Mighty and Exalted, Allah gives him entrance into Paradise because of it.’
Description: Fatima al-Zahra’ (a.s.) said, ‘What is the fasting person doing with his fast if he is not guarding his tongue, his hearing, his sight and his limbs [from sins]?!
فاطمةُ الزَّهراءُ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ): ما يَصنَعُ الصائمُ بِصِيامِهِ إذا لَم يَصُنْ لِسانَهُ وسَمعَهُ وبَصَرَهُ وجوارِحَهُ؟!
Reference:[Da’aim al-Islam, v. 1, p. 268]
Description: Muhammad b. Muslim narrated, ‘Abu ‘Aabdillah (a.s.) [i.e. Imam al-Sadiq] said, ‘When you fast, your hearing must fast, along with your sight, your hair, your skin…’ and he listed a number of other things, and said, ‘The day that you fast must not be like a day that you do not fast.’
محمّد بن مسلم: قالَ أبو عبدِ اللّهِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إذا صُمتَ فَلْيَصُمْ سَمعُكَ وبَصَرُكَ وشَعرُكَ وجِلدُكَ وعَدَّدَ أشياءَ غَيرَ هذا، وقالَ: لا يكونُ يومُ صَومِكَ كَيَومِ فِطرِكَ .
Reference:[al-Kafi, v. 4, p. 87, no. 1]
Description: The Prophet (S) said, ‘Fasting in cold weather is an easy thing to do.’
Description: Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘The best jihad is fasting in hot weather.’
الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أفضَلُ الجِهادِ الصَّومُ في الحَرِّ.
Reference:[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 96, p. 256, no. 38]
Description: Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘Winter is the springtime of a believer – its nights are long, so he can make use of them to stand in prayer, whereas its days are short and he can make use of them to fast.’