Ashburn , US
28-02-2024 |19 Shaʿbān 1445 AH

Imprisonment

Description: Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘It is incumbent upon the Imam to imprison the reckless from among the scholars, the ignorant from among the physicians, and the bankrupt from among the lease-holders.’

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : يَجِبُ علي الإمامِ أنْ يَحْبِسَ الفُسّاقَ مِن العُلَماءِ ، والجُهّالَ مِن الأطِبّاءِ ، والمَفالِيسَ مِن الأكْرِياءِ.

Reference: [From Mizan al Hikmat -- al-Faqih, v. 3, p. 31, no. 3266]

Description:

Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘If a Muslim woman becomes an apostate, abandoning Islam, she is not killed but is imprisoned for life.’

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إذا ارْتَدَّتِ المَرأةُ عنِ الإسلامِ لَم ‏تُقْتَلْ ، ولكنْ تُحْبَسُ أبداً.

Reference: [Tahdhib al-Ahkam, v. 10, p. 142, no. 569]

Description: It is narrated in al-Kafi: Verily the Commander of the Faithful (a.s.) restricted imprisonment to only three cases: a man consuming the property of an orphan unlawfully, or usurping it, or a man who takes off with what he has been entrusted with.

إنّ أميرَ المؤمنينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) كانَ لا يَري الحَبْسَ إلّا في ثلاثٍ : رجُلٌ أكلَ مالَ اليَتيمِ، أو غَصَبهُ ، أو رجُلٌ اؤتُمِنَ علي أمانَةٍ فَذَهبَ بِها.

Reference: [From Mizan al Hikmat -- al-Kafi, v. 7, p. 263, no. 21]

Description: Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘A man was brought to the Commander of the Faithful (a.s.), who had bailed the life of another man. He imprisoned him, saying, ‘Ask for your companion now.’

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : اُتيَ أميرُ المؤمنينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) برجُلٍ قد تَكفَّلَ بنَفْسِ رجُلٍ، فحَبسَهُ وقالَ: اطلُبْ صاحِبَكَ.

Reference: [From Mizan al Hikmat -- Wasa’il al-Shi’ah, v. 13, p. 156, no. 1]

Description: Imam al-Baqir (a.s.) said, about a man who had ordered another man to kill someone, which he had done – ‘He who killed him must be killed, and he who ordered the killing must be imprisoned until he dies.’

الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في رجُلٍ أمَرَ رجُلاً بقَتلِ رجُلٍ فقَتلَهُ ـ : يُقْتَلُ بهِ الّذي قَتَلَهُ ، ويُحْبَسُ الآمِرُ بقَتْلِهِ في السِّجْنِ حتّي يَموتَ.

Reference: [From Mizan al Hikmat -- al-Kafi, v. 7, p. 285, no. 1]

Description: Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘Only three types of people are imprisoned for life: he who holds another hostage to prevent himself from being killed, the woman who becomes an apostate, and the one who steals even after having had his hand and foot cut [as corporal punishment for previous thefts].’

الإمامُ الصّادق (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : قَضي عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) في رَجُلَينِ أمسَكَ أحَدُهُما وقَتَلَ الآخَرُ فَقالَ : يُقتَلُ القاتِلُ ويُحبَسُ‏الآخَرُ حَتّي يَموتَ غَمّاً كَما حَبَسَهُ عَلَيهِ حَتّي ماتَ غَمّاً.

Reference: [From Mizan al Hiikmat -- al-Faqih, v. 3, p. 31, no. 3264]

Description: Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘It is unjust for the Imam to imprison the culprit after punishment.’

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : حَبْسُ الإمامِ بعدَ الحَدِّ ظُلْمٌ.

Reference: [Mizan al Hikmat -- Tahdhib al-Ahkam, v. 6, p. 314, no. 870]

Description: Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Imprisonment after acknowledgment of the truth is injustice.’

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الحَبسُ بَعدَمعرِفَةِ الحقِّ ظُلْمٌ.

Reference: [From Mizan al Hikmat -- Mustadrak al-Wasa’il, v. 17, p. 403, no. 21672]

Description: Imam Ali (a.s.) used to inspect the prisons every Friday; he punished the convicts and released those who had no charge against them.’

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : أنَّهُ [عَلِيّا] كانَ يَعْرِضُ السّجونَ في كُلِّ يَومِ جُمُعةٍ؛ فمَن كانَ علَيهِ حَدٌّ أقامَهُ، ومَن لَم يَكُن علَيهِ حَدٌّ خلّي سَبيلَهُ.

Reference: [From Mizan al Hikmat -- Mustadrak al-Wasa’il, v. 18, p. 36, no. 21943]

Description:

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘It is the duty of the Imam to release the prisoners on financial charges on Fridays and ‘Ayd [religious festivals] to observe the congregational prayer. He may send them guarded, and when they complete the prayers and the feast, he should return them to the prison.’

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : علي الإمامِ أنْ يُخرِجَ المَحْبوسينَ في الدَّينِ يَومَ الجُمُعةِ إلي الجُمُعةِ ، ويَومَ العِيدِ إلي العِيدِ ، فيُرسِلَ مَعهُم ، فإذا قَضَوُا الصَّلاةَ والعِيدَ رَدّهُم إلي السِّجنِ .

Reference: [From Mizan al Hikmat -- al-Faqih, v. 3, p. 31, no. 3265]